New York Bight

The New York Harbor Observing and Prediction System (NYHOPS) was established to permit an assessment of ocean, weather, environmental, and vessel traffic conditions throughout the New York Harbor and New Jersey Coast regions. The system is designed to provide a knowledge of meteorological and oceanographic conditions both in real-time and forecasted out to 48 hours in the Hudson River, the East River, NY/NJ Estuary, Raritan Bay, Long Island Sound and the coastal waters of New Jersey.

New Jersey Shelf Observing System (NJSOS) is supported by The Coastal Ocean Observation Lab, also known as the Marine Remote Sensing Lab. The Coastal Ocean Observation Lab (COOL) at Rutgers University is part of the Institute of Marine and Coastal Sciences.

The lab was established in October 1992 by Dr. Scott M. Glenn. Funding for the creation of the Lab came from a grant by the Port Authority of New York/New Jersey. Today, the COOL has grown from a three-person operation to a full staff of employees, undergraduate and graduate students. The lab, shown below, is mainly funded by the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, the State of New Jersey, and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.

COOL lab

Ocean Observation Sites


Additional observation resources are found at the Marine Sciences Research Center (MSRC), the School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences (SoMAS) at Stony Brook University, the State University of New York's center for marine and atmospheric research, education, and public service.

Currently, there are more than 500 undergraduate and graduate students and 90 faculty and staff from 16 different nations working together to better understand how marine, terrestrial, and atmospheric environments function and are related to one another. Research at SoMAS explores solutions to a variety of issues facing the world today ranging from local problems affecting the area around Long Island to processes that are impacting the entire globe.

Information and Downloads

For New York Harbor and New Jersey Coast priorities for ocean observations click here


New Jersey Coastal Monitoring Network (CMN), Stevens Institute of Technology Center for Maritime Systems Stevens Institute of Technology established the New Jersey Coastal Monitoring Network (CMN) in 1998. This system provides real-time observations and archived records of shallow water (5m) wave characteristics, water temperature, water level and meteorological conditions (wind speed and direction, temperature, barometric pressure), as well as digital images of the beach and nearshore ocean, at three locations that span the State's ocean shoreline. The system is designed to provide real-time information to local, State, and Federal emergency management personnel, and long-term records of wave, weather conditions and shoreline response for use by the coastal scientific community.

The Atlantic Ocean shoreline of New Jersey is bordered by Long Island, NY, to the north and the Delaware Bay to the south. The coastline is generally oriented north to south for 80 km from Sandy Hook to Barnegat Inlet and northeast to southwest for 120 km from Barnegat Inlet to Cape May. The continental shelf gradually slopes eastward from the coastline reaching a depth of 100 m approximately 150 km offshore. Within 5 km of the coast the bottom is covered with numerous shoals and sand waves. The region also contains several submarine canyons, the most significant of which is the Hudson Canyon, which extends southeastward from the entrance of New York Harbor to the edge of the continental shelf. The Hudson Canyon is as much as 30 m deeper than the surrounding ocean bottom at the western end, and reaches depths of nearly 1000 m near the eastern edge.

NJ graphic